Gentlemen`s agreements can also be found in trade agreements and international relations. One example is the 1907 Gentlemen`s Agreement, in which the United States and the Japanese Empire addressed immigration from Japan and the mistreatment of Japanese immigrants to the United States. The agreement, which was never ratified by Congress, saw Japan stop issuing passports to people who wanted to immigrate to America to work. The United States, on the other hand, would no longer allow discrimination and segregation of Japanese citizens residing in America. In the automotive industry, Japanese manufacturers have agreed that no standard vehicle would have more than 276 hp (206 kW; 280 CH); The agreement ended in 2005.  German manufacturers limit the maximum speed of high-performance sedans (berlines) and breaks to 250 km/h.   When the Suzuki Hayabusa motorcycle exceeded 310 km/h in 1999, fears of a European ban or regulatory intervention led Japanese and European manufacturers to limit to 300 km/h at the end of 1999 See list of the fastest series bikes. A gentlemen`s agreement is an informal agreement or transaction, often unwritten, which is supported only by the integrity of the other party to effectively comply with its terms. Such an agreement is generally informal, oral and not legally binding. In 1890, the U.S. government imposed a ban on gentlemen`s agreements in trade and trade relations between nations. In the worst case scenario, a gentlemen`s agreement can be entered into to practice anti-competitive practices such as pricing or trade quotas. Since a gentlemen`s agreement is tacit – which is not subject to the document as a binding legal treaty – it can be used to create and enforce illegal rules.
Gentlemen`s agreements between industry and the U.S. government were common in the 1800s and early 1900s. The Bureau of Corporations, a predecessor of the Federal Trade Commission, was established in 1903 to investigate monopolistic practices. A report by the U.S. House of Representatives detailing its United States Steel Corporation investigation stated that in the 1890s there were two general types of associations or bulk consolidations between steel and ferrous interests in which different groups owned ownership, as well as a high degree of independence: the “pool” and the “Gentleman`s Agreement.”  The latter type lacked a formal organisation to regulate production or prices or forfeiture rules in the event of infringement.  The effectiveness of the agreement relied on members to meet informal commitments.  While Phil researches his history, he experiences several incidents of bigotry.