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The Treaty of Versaille was an important step in the status of the British Dominions under international law. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa made significant contributions to the British war effort, but as separate countries and not as British colonies. India also made a significant contribution to the troops, although, unlike the Dominions, it was placed under direct control of the United Kingdom. The four Dominions and India signed the treaty separately from Great Britain, [n. 2] a clear recognition of the international community that the Dominions were no longer British colonies. “Their status opposed the detailed analysis of international and constitutional jurists, but it was clear that they were no longer only considered colonies of Great Britain.” [75] By the individual signing of the treaty, the four Dominions and India were also founding members of the League of Nations and not only within the framework of the British Empire. This is the time of resolution for the peace conference, where Allied leaders are able to demonstrate their determination and unity at the time of signing the treaty, as well as their political power. The stage is the dazzling hall of the mirrors of Versailles, erected by Louis XIV at a huge cost as a demonstration of his political power. Above their heads is the caption “The Roy Governs by himself” (the king governs alone), a sharp reference to the conference`s interminable quarrels, with Germany claiming that it was unable to respect the sentences imposed and the allies unable to agree on a compromise.

In William Orpen`s vision, it is the extravagance of architecture that sets the scene and reduces politicians to a footnote. Their so-called ordered world is distorted and broken by the mirrors behind them. After the end of the Second World War in Europe (1939-1945) and the decisions of previous conferences in Tehran, Casablanca and Yalta, the Allies had taken the highest authority over Germany by the Berlin Declaration of 5 June 1945. At the conference of the three powers in Berlin (formal title of the Potsdam Conference) from 17 July to 2 August 1945, they approved and adopted the amstbiss of 1 August 1945. The signatories were Secretary General Joseph Stalin, President Harry S. Truman and Prime Minister Clement Attlee, who had replaced Winston Churchill as the United Kingdom`s representative following the 1945 British general election. The three powers also agreed to invite France and China to participate, as members of the Council of Foreign Ministers, which was established for the agreement. The provisional government of the French Republic accepted the invitation on 7 August, with the main caveat that it would not accept from the outset any obligation to form a central government in Germany. The agreement has been called the Treaty of Versailles. Germany was shocked by the fact that the treaty caused much discontent in Germany, which benefited Adolf Hitler in his rise to the leadership of Nazi Germany. The emphasis was on the belief in the myth that the German army had not lost the war and had been betrayed by the Weimar Republic, which was negotiating an unnecessary surrender.

The Great Depression aggravated the problem and led to the collapse of the German economy. Although the contract may not have caused the crash, it was a convenient scapegoat. The Germans regarded the treaty as a humiliation and listened eagerly to Hitler`s oratory, which held the treaty responsible for the abuses in Germany. Hitler promised to reverse the cauterizations of the Allied powers and regain Germany`s lost territory and pride, which led the treaty to be invoked as the cause of World War II. [178] [169] The result of these competing and sometimes contradictory objectives among the victors was a compromise that did not satisfy anyone and, in particular, Germany was neither pacified, reconciled nor permanently weakened.